Event-driven use case — publish subscribe
But we are not done! In this blog, let see the publish/subscribe pattern. This is a very popular and well-known pattern.
It’s the main interaction used with messaging systems or Enterprise Service Bus. But how do you do it with APIs?
Let see Event-Driven API Management in action!
As the name stands, the publish/subscribe pattern has two parts:
- A way to subscribe to a channel.
- A way to publish data to all channel subscribers.
Now let’s replace “a way” with “an API.” And what is this channel? This is a next-gen Axway Streams topic. Publish/subscribe is a pattern provided by next-gen Axway Streams.
To deliver publish/subscribe with Event-driven API Management, there are three steps:
- Generate a new channel.
- Subscribe to the channel.
- Publish content.
Generate a new channel
Event-driven APIs can be generated from an API, directly in the API Manager catalog, as shown with Petstore. But there is no existing API here, we want to create a fresh new channel.
So, let’s use the Streams admin API! It can be used with API Portal Try-It, providing a user interface. Let show another solution: use of the well-known REST client curl.
Here is a curl example to create a topic:
curl -k -X POST -d ‘@create_topic.json’ -H “Content-Type: application/json” -H “KeyId: XXX” https://myhost:9001/api/v1/topics
As expected, data is sent as a POST to create a topic. Data is in file create_topic.json and here is its content:
Note our topic name is here publishapi. A topic has two parts:
- Publisher, the way Streams acquires data. “http-post” means to create a new endpoint to receive data.
- Subscribers, the way data is exposed by Streams. Only Webhook was defined on this topic.
The Event-Driven API Management added value is to register automatically APIs in API Manager. The purpose of the “edam” structure is to provide some control over API registration, like publish or grant.
In this case, two API entries are added, each corresponding to a publish/subscribe part:
- publishapi_async: subscribe to the channel
- publishapi_post: publish to the channel
Subscribe to the channel
publishapi_async is the Webhook subscription API. It has three methods to manage the subscription:
- Publish content
This is an API, like any other for API Manager. It can be edited, published, access granted, or requiring applications.
Like for any API, the best way of consuming it is with the API Portal.
An App developer can subscribe to the topic by creating a subscription. Try-It can be used, or any REST client.
It is important to note that subscription and publishing APIs can be managed independently.
Subscription API is supposed to be opened too many. Publishing the API should have more restricted access or at least more control.
publishapi_post is simple to use. Post any data to it, and every subscriber receives it. API documentation can be accessed through the API Portal.
And an app with the right credentials would use it to publish data to many subscribers!
Publish/subscribe is a very popular pattern, but not common with an API Management solution.
Streams are capable to generate this interaction pattern, with publish and subscribe APIs. API entries can be registered automatically in API Management.
Just an API Call and you generate a channel to publish/subscribe!
Read how Axway unveiled its new Event-driven solution to stream APIs to your API strategy.